White Mouse

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Mice

Deer Mice

House Mice

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Voles/Field Mice

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Pack Rats

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Deer Mice

Deer Mice

Description

The deer mouse rarely invades homes, and is found in rural areas.


Pest Facts

Color: Brown, with white feet and underbelly

Legs: Four

Shape: Round

Size: 5 to 8 inches long

Antennae: No

Flying: No

Region: Canada and USA


Habits

The deer mouse prefers the outdoors.


Habitat

The deer mouse makes its home outdoors in sheltered areas such as hollow tree logs or piles of debris. On the rare occasions the deer mouse comes indoors, it prefers undisturbed areas such as attics.


Threats

The deer mouse transmits the potentially fatal Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome. The disease can be transmitted through contact with mouse carcasses, or by breathing in aerosolized urine droplets of infected deer mice.


Prevention

To keep mice and other rodents out, make sure all holes of larger diameter than a pencil are sealed. Mice can squeeze through spaces as small as a nickel. Seal any cracks and voids. Don't overlook proper drainage at the foundation and always install gutters or diverts which will channel water away from the building. Use heavy gloves and protective breathing gear when working in an area populated by deer mice.


Information from the National Pest Management Association:

http://www.npmapestworld.org/pestPedia/article.cfm?id=626

House Mice

House Mice

Description

The house mouse is the most common rodent pest in most parts of the world. It can breed rapidly and adapt quickly to changing conditions.


Pest Facts

Color: Light brown to black

Legs: Four

Shape: Round

Size: 2 inches

Antennae: No

Flying: No

Region: Canada and USA


Habits

House mice can breed throughout the year and can share nests.


Habitat

House mice live in structures, but they can live outdoors.


Threats

Micro droplets of mouse urine can cause allergies in children. Mice can also bring fleas, mites, ticks and lice into your home.


Prevention

To keep mice and other rodents out, make sure all holes of larger diameter than a pencil are sealed. Mice can squeeze through spaces as small as a nickel. Seal any cracks and voids. Don't overlook proper drainage at the foundation and always install gutters or diverts which will channel water away from the building.


Information from the National Pest Management Association

Voles/Field Mice

Voles / Field Mice

Description

Voles are small rodents and are frequently referred to as meadow mice or field mice. They typically live about 3-6 months and there are about 70 species of voles. They have blunt noses, small furry ears, dense brown fur and a tail with no fur.


Pest Facts

Size: 3" to 7" long

Shape: Mouse

Color: Brown Legs: 4

Wings: No

Antenna: No

Common Name: Vole

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia

Order: Rodentia

Family: Cricetidae


Diet

The vole's diet consists of seeds, tubers, tree needles, bark, various green vegetation such as grass and clover, and insects. Voles prefer not to feed in the open.


Habitat

Voles require dense grass cover and prefer to live outside in fields. They are very poor climbers and have difficulty reaching upper floors of buildings.


Impact

Voles are very destructive to gardens and will gnaw the bark of fruit trees. They can also cause damage to tree roots, which may eventually kill the trees.


Prevention

  • In addition to traps and fencing, gravel buffers can help protect gardens against vole infestation.
  • Remove weeds, heavy mulch, and dense vegetative cover around your home. These environments provide voles food and protection from predators.
  • Mowing, spraying with herbicides or tilling grassy areas adjacent to gardens will help prevent an infestation.

Information from the Pestworld for Kids: http://www.pestworldforkids.org/pest-guide/voles/

Pack Rats

Pack Rats

Description

Pack rats are pale buff, gray or reddish-brown in color and usually have white undersides and feet. They have relatively large ears and hairy tails.
Pest Facts
Size: 8" to 20" long
Shape: Rat
Color: Brown Legs: 4
Wings: No
Antenna: No
Common Name: Pack Rat (Wood Rat)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Cricedtidae


Habits
These rodents collect various objects and bits of material for use in making nests. They are fond of small, bright, shiny objects. They are primarily nocturnal, skilled climbers, diggers, and vegetarian. Pack rats require shelter and cannot survive in extreme temperatures or direct sunlight.


Habitat
North and Central America


Threat
Pack rats may destroy the insulation and building materials of a house. They are also unsanitary and may carry fleas and ticks.


Prevention
To keep rodents out, make sure all holes of larger diameter than a pencil are sealed. Mice can squeeze through spaces as small as a nickel. Seal any cracks and voids. Don't overlook proper drainage at the foundation and always install gutters or diverts which will channel water away from the building.

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