Merchant Grain Beetles

Merchant Grain Beetles

Powderpost Beetles

Powderpost Beetles

Varied Carpet Beetles

Varied Carpet Beetles

American Cockroaches

American Cockroaches

Brownbanded Cockroaches

Brownbanded Cockroaches

Fruit Flies

Fruit Flies

House Flies

House Flies

Centipede

Centipedes

(House Centipedes)

Box Elder Beetle

Box Elder Beetle

Camel Crickets

Camel Crickets

Earwigs

Earwigs

Indian Meal Moths

Indian Meal Moths

Millipedes

Millipedes

Pillbugs

Pillbugs

Silverfish

Silverfish

Merchant Grain Beetles

Merchant Grain Beetles

Description

Merchant grain beetles are typically not found in grain products, but instead like to attack cereals, cake mixes, macaroni, cookies and chocolate. Merchant grain beetles are dark brown and have six saw-like teeth on each side of their bodies. They can grow to be one-eighth of an inch long and have very flat bodies.


Pest Facts
Color: Brown
Legs: Six
Shape: Narrow oval
Size: 1/10 inches
Antennae: Yes
Flying: No
Region: Canada and the USA


Habits
The merchant grain beetle's body shape allows it to crawl into packaging to eat, live and have babies.


Habitat
Merchant grain beetles are found in pantries or in food processing areas or warehouses.


Threats
Merchant grain beetles can infest stored food products and can contaminate food.


Prevention
Discard infested packages. Clean spilled grain and food sources.


Information from the National Pest Management Association

Varied Carpet Beetles

Varied Carpet Beetles

Description

Varied carpet beetles get their name from the rainbow of color on their back surfaces.


Pest Facts
Color: Black centers, with white, brown and yellow patches in an irregular arrangement
Legs: Six
Shape: Round
Size: 1/16 inches
Antennae: Yes
Flying: No
Region: Canada and the USA


Habits
These pests enjoy dining on carpets, wool fabrics, dead insects, furs, hides, feathers, horns, hair, silk and bones. It can take 249-354 days to three years for varied carpet beetles to grow from an egg to an adult.


Habitat
Varied carpet beetles are found in homes in attics, Oriental carpets, tapestries and wood-based wall-to-wall carpeting.


Threats
Varied carpet beetles feed on dead insects, but also feed on upholstery and carpet, so they can damage those materials. They can also damage clothing fabric.


Prevention
As with moths, to avoid varied carpet beetle infestations, store clothing in plastic containers. Dry clean clothing thoroughly before storing for long periods of time.


Information from the National Pest Management Association

Brownbanded Cockroaches

Brownbanded Cockroaches

Description

Brownbanded cockroaches get their name from the two lighter bands they have across their dark brownish bodies. In addition to the distinctive banding, males have full wings, which reach beyond the tip of their rather pointed abdomens. Females have underdeveloped wings, much shorter than their broad, rounded abdomens. The lighter band markings are much more distinct in nymphs than in adults of either sex.


Pest Facts
Color: Brown, with pronounced banding across wings
Legs: Six
Shape: Oval
Size: 1/2 inches
Antennae: Yes
Flying: Yes
Region: Canada and the USA


Habits

Male brownbanded cockroaches have been observed to fly indoors. Among cockroach species, brownbanded cockroaches have the most distinctions between sexes. Females have larger abdomen and shorter wings than males. Brownbanded cockroaches often hide their egg cases in or under furniture.


Habitat

Within a room, these roaches tend to prefer warmer, drier, and higher locations than do any of the other urban pest roaches. They are often found in upper cabinets or in other rooms than the kitchens (food preparation areas) or bathrooms.


Threats

Cockroaches have been reported to spread at least 33 kinds of bacteria, six kinds of parasitic worms, and at least seven other kinds of human pathogens. They can pick up germs on the spines of their legs and bodies as they crawl through decaying matter or sewage and then carry these into food or onto food surfaces. Germs that cockroaches eat from decaying matter or sewage are protected while in their bodies and may remain infective for several weeks longer than if they had been exposed to cleaning agents, rinse water, or just sunlight and air. Recent medical studies have shown that cockroach allergens cause lots of allergic reactions in inner city children. They were even shown to cause asthma in children. These allergens build up in deposits of droppings, secretions, cast skins, and dead bodies of roaches.


Prevention
Good sanitation and habitat reduction, along with vacuuming, surveillance, a baiting program, and some sealing of cracks can usually quickly reduce or eliminate a cockroach population.


Information from the National Pest Management Association

Fruit Flies

Fruit Flies

Description

Fruit flies feed on decaying fruits and vegetables.


Pest Facts:
Color: Tan/ light abdomen
Legs: Six
Shape: Small oval
Size: 1/8 inches
Antennae: Yes
Flying: Yes
Region: Canada and the USA


Habits
Fruit flies feed on decaying matter, especially fruits and vegetables.


Habitat

Fruit flies are small pests that are commonly found in homes, restaurants and other facilities where food is processed. They are found on moist, decaying matter that has been stationary for several days.


Threats
Fruit flies are found in unsanitary conditions, so they are a potential heath concern, especially when present in health facilities.


Prevention
Fruit flies are best prevented through vigilant sanitation practices. Remove kitchen trash daily, and keep counter surfaces clean.


Information from the National Pest Management Association

House Flies

House Flies

Description

House flies get their name from being the most common fly found around homes. Adult house flies can grow to one-quarter of an inch long and usually live between 15 and 25 days.


Pest Facts
Color: Dark gray
Legs: Six
Shape: Small oval
Size: 1/4 inches
Antennae: Yes
Flying: Yes
Region: Canada and the USA


Habits
They are only able to feed on liquids but have the ability to turn many solid foods into a liquid for them to eat. House flies taste with their feet, which are 10 million times more sensitive to sugar than the human tongue.


Habitat
House flies tend to stay within 1-2 miles of where they were born; however, they have been known to migrate up to 20 miles to find food.


Threats
These insects have been known to carry over 100 different kinds of disease-causing germs, which makes them very bad house guests.


Prevention
House flies can be controlled through vigilant sanitation. Remove trash regularly and use well-sealing garbage receptacles. Clean up pet waste immediately. Use fine mesh screens on doors and windows to prevent fly entry.


Information from the National Pest Management Association

Centipedes (House Centipedes)

Centipedes

Description

Centipedes (Scutigera coleoptrata) are sometimes called “hundred-leggers” because of their many pairs of legs; however, they can actually have anywhere from 15-177 pairs of legs, depending on the species. Interestingly, centipedes always have an odd number of pairs of legs.


Pest Facts
Color: Yellowish to dark brown, sometimes with darker stripes or markings
Legs: 15-177 pairs
Shape: Elongated, flattened, worm-like
Size: 1/8 – 6” (4-152 mm)
Antennae: Yes
Region: Found throughout Canada and the USA


Habits
Most centipedes are nocturnal, and prey primarily on flies, spiders, and sometimes plant tissue.


Habitat
Centipedes are found throughout North America and the world. They are typically found in areas of high moisture, such as in rotting logs, under stones, in trash or piles of leaves/grass. When they invade homes, centipedes are most commonly found in damp basements, crawlspaces, bathrooms, or potted plants.


Threats
Centipedes are generally considered just nuisance pests, as they do not pose significant health or property threats. However, all centipedes have poison jaws with which they inject venom into their prey. If handled roughly, some larger species can inflict a painful bite that can break human skin and causes pain and swelling, similar to a bee sting.


Prevention:
The most effective way to prevent centipede infestations is to reduce areas of moisture in and around your home. Remove leaf piles and grass clippings. Store firewood off of the ground. Provide adequate ventilation in crawl spaces.


Information from the National Pest Management Association

Box Elder Beetle

Box Elder Beetle

Description

Box elder beetles become a nuisance during the fall months, when they seek out houses for their warmth. They can enter warm buildings through cracks and stay in the walls, appearing in the home in spring.


Pest Facts

The box elder beetle is a half-inch long and one-third of an inch as wide. They have a black body, three red lines on the thorax, a red line on the border of each side, and a red line on each wing. Eggs are usually deposited on box elder trees and are rusty red in colour.


Habits & Habitat
In the summer, these beetles feed on flowers, leaves and seed pods of the box elder tree or silver maple. In August and September, numbers of almost fully grown nymphs are at their maximum, living on box elder trees. Adult migration occurs at this time.


Threats
These pests are just that—only pests. They do not eat anything inside a house and will not bite or in any way harm you. They cause little damage to trees.


Prevention
It is best to avoid having female box elder trees on your property. Male trees can be purchased from a nursery, if you must plant a box elder tree. The beetles are controlled by spraying the nymphs on the host tree, before the adults move into your warm house. Pest control should be performed in the summer/fall time period; pest control is usually not effective on box elder beetles that have already moved into the home.

Powderpost Beetles

Powderpost Beetles

Description

Powderpost beetles lay their eggs in cracks of wood and the larvae tunnel into the surface, filling it with a very fine powder-like dust. Powderpost beetles have long, narrow, flat bodies that allow them to easily attack wood surfaces. These beetles are reddish-brown in color.


Pest Facts
Color: Reddish brown to black

Legs: Six
Shape: Narrow oval
Size: 1/8 to 1/4 inches
Antennae: Yes
Flying: Yes
Region: All 50


Habits
Adult powderpost beetles are very active at night, enjoy flying and are attracted to the light.


Habitat

Powderpost beetles often attack hardwoods, and can be found in hardwood floors, timbers and crates, antiques and other objects made of hardwood materials.


Threats
Some researchers believe that powderpost beetles are second only to termites in the United States in their destructiveness to wood and wood products.


Prevention
Powderpost beetles can be prevented through vigilant inspection of wood sources in the home.


Information from the National Pest Management Association

American Cockroaches

American Cockroaches

Description

The American cockroach is the largest of the house-infesting cockroach.


Pest Facts
Color: Reddish brown, with a yellowish figure 8 pattern on the back of the head
Legs: Six
Shape: Oval
Size: 2 inches
Antennae: Yes
Flying: Yes
Region: Canada and the USA


Habits
American cockroaches are found in food processing areas and food storage areas, as well as other types of buildings. They are active when the temperature is 70 degrees or higher, but they can survive lower temperatures with the right conditions.


Habitat
American cockroaches are often found in sewers and basements, particularly around pipes and drains.


Threats
Cockroaches have been reported to spread at least 33 kinds of bacteria, six kinds of parasitic worms, and at least seven other kinds of human pathogens. They can pick up germs on the spines of their legs and bodies as they crawl through decaying matter or sewage and then carry these into food or onto food surfaces. Germs that cockroaches eat from decaying matter or sewage are protected while in their bodies and may remain infective for several weeks longer than if they had been exposed to cleaning agents, rinse water, or just sunlight and air. Recent medical studies have shown that cockroach allergens cause lots of allergic reactions in inner city children. They were even shown to cause asthma in children. These allergens build up in deposits of droppings, secretions, cast skins, and dead bodies of roaches.


Prevention

Good sanitation and habitat reduction, along with vacuuming, surveillance, a baiting program, and some sealing of cracks can usually quickly reduce or eliminate a cockroach population.


Information from the National Pest Management Association

Camel Crickets

Camel Crickets

Description

Similar crickets include stone and cave crickets. Most of these crickets are of the species Ceuthophilus.


Pest Facts
Color: lt. tan to dk. Brown with the typical humpbacked appearance
Size: ½ inch to 1 ¼ inches long
Antennae: Yes
Flying: No
Region: worldwide


Habitat
Found worldwide and commonly encountered in crawlspaces, basements, storage sheds, garages, outbuildings and other damp, protected areas. Also, under decks in humid weather. They are active year-round in warmer climates. They are more active at night.


Threats
These crickets can frighten people because they will jump at a person instead of away from a person. They do minimal damage but are a nuisance.


Prevention
Baits are very effective. Dehumidification may also be effective, where applicable.


Information from the National Pest Management Association

Indian Meal Moths

Indian Meal Moths

Description

The Indian meal moth was given its name after an insect scientist found it feeding on corn meal, also known as Indian meal. From wing tip to wing tip, adult moths measure from five-eighths of an inch to three-fourths of an inch long.


Pest Facts

Color: Copper reddish coloring on outer part of wings
Legs: Six
Shape: Elongated oval
Size: 5/8 inches
Antennae: Yes
Flying: Yes
Region: Canada and the USA


Habits
These moths like to feed on dried fruits, grains, seeds, nuts, chocolate, candies, bird seed, dog food, powdered milk, dried red peppers and candy.


Habitat
Attracted to the light, these bugs are found worldwide in areas where food is stored, such as grocery stores.


Threats
Indian Meal Moths infest foods and can contaminate food products.


Prevention
Dried food products should be inspected thoroughly for signs of moth infestations. Discard infested foods in outdoor trash bins. Clean infested cupboards thoroughly with a vacuum and soap and water. Store food in sealed containers.


Information from the National Pest Management Association

Pillbugs

Pillbugs

Description

This pest is the only crustacean that has become completely adapted to spending its life on land. Pillbugs have oval bodies and seven pairs of legs. They are easily recognized by their back, which is made up of seven hard individual plates. Pillbugs are sometimes referred to as rollie-pollies.


Pest Facts
Color: Dark brown to black
Legs: Fourteen
Shape: Oval; round when rolled up
Size: 3/4 inches
Antennae: Yes
Flying: No
Region: Canada and the USA


Habits
Pillbugs eat decaying vegetable material and are most active at night. They are known for their ability to roll into a ball.


Habitat
Pillbugs live in moist locations. They are found under damp objects or under vegetable debris.


Threats

Pillbugs do not spread diseases or invade food products. However, the pillbug is often considered a pest when it gains entry into a home.


Prevention
Pillbugs can be avoided by eliminating food sources such as vegetable or plant debris. If pillbugs enter a structure, they will often dry out and die.


Information from the National Pest Management Association

Millipedes

Millipedes

Description

Millipedes (Oxidus gracilis) are sometimes called “thousand-leggers” because of
their many pairs of legs, but they can actually have anywhere from
30-90+ pairs of legs, depending on the species. The leggiest is Illacme
plenipes, which can have more than 333 pairs of legs.


Pest Facts

Color: Blackish or brownish, some red, orange or with mottled patterns.

Legs: 30-90+ pairs

Shape: Long, cylindrical and wormlike

Size: 1/16 – 4½ ” (2-155 mm)

Antennae: Yes

Region: Found throughout U.S.


Habits

Most millipedes are nocturnal. They are primarily scavengers, feeding on
decaying plants and occasionally dead insects. In the autumn, millipedes
are known to migrate in great numbers.


Habitat

Millipedes are found throughout the world, with about 1,000 species occurring in North America alone. They are typically found in areas of high moisture and decaying vegetation, such as under trash, in piles of grass
clippings, flower-bed mulches, piles of leaves, etc. Millipedes do not
usually survive indoors for more than a few days unless there are high
moisture conditions and a food supply is present.


Threats

Some millipede species give off an ill-smelling fluid through openings along the sides of the body. In some instances, this fluid can be toxic to
small animals and pets, and can cause small blisters on humans.


Prevention

The most effective way to prevent millipede infestations is to reduce areas
of moisture in and around your home. Consider running a dehumidifier if
you have a damp basement. Keep lawns mowed so that grass does not
retain moisture, and water lawns in the early morning to allow grass to
dry during the day. Remove leaf piles and grass clippings. Store
firewood off the ground.


Article from Pest World

Earwigs

Earwigs

Description

Earwigs got their name from the myth that they crawl into sleeping people's ears and tunnel into their brains. The long cerci, or clippers, on their backsides easily identify an earwig.


Pest Facts
Color: Dark brown
Legs: Six
Shape: Long, narrow
Size: 1 inch
Antennae: Yes
Flying: No
Region: Canada and the USA


Habits
Earwigs hide during the day and feeds on leaves, flowers, fruits, mold and insects at night.


Habitat
These insects live together outdoors in large numbers. They can be found under piles of lawn debris, mulch or in tree holes. They gain entry to a structure through exterior cracks


Threats

Contrary to folklore, earwigs do not crawl into ears and eat peoples' brains at night. They do not spread diseases, but their menacing appearance can be alarming to a homeowner.


Prevention
Remove harborage sites such as leaf piles, mulch piles or other vegetation. Seal cracks and crevices well to prevent structural entry.


Information from the National Pest Management Association

Silverfish

Silverfish

Description

This insect gets its name from its silvery, metallic appearance and fish-like shape and movements. Silverfish (Lespisma sacchrina [Linnaeus]) have no wings, but are able to run very fast. They tend to hide their presence from humans which means any damage they have caused could go unnoticed as well.


Pest Facts
Color: Silver to brown
Legs: 6
Shape: Oval, elongated
Size: three-fourths inches
Antennae: Yes
Region: Found throughout Canada and the USA


Habits
Silverfish tend to feed on paper items, glue, clothing and food items, such as flour and rolled oats. Silverfish can live up to a year without food, but require a high humidity environment. They move fast and are typically nocturnal.


Habitat
Silverfish are found throughout Canada and the USA and are typically seen in moist, humid areas in the home, such as bathrooms, basements, and attics.


Threats

While silverfish are mainly a nuisance pest, they can contaminate food and damage paper goods such as wall paper and books.


Prevention:
Consider a dehumidifier for your home, repair leaky pipes and drains and eliminate or repair any moldy or wet wood. Don’t keep old books and magazines in areas where silverfish are usually found like basements, attics and garages. It’s also important to keep food items such as flour and sugar in tight containers.


Information from the National Pest Management Association

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